Diets

Diet for high cholesterol

General rules

Elevated level cholesterol in the blood is a risk factor atherosclerosis.

This fat-like substance is necessary for the formation of enzymes, hormones and other things. However, with a violation of its metabolism and its high level in the blood, irreversible changes in the vessel wall develop - atherosclerosis, which is dangerous for its complications (heart attack, stroke, violation of the blood supply to various organs).

Imbalance between the fractions — low density LDL and high density lipoproteins (HDL), is considered dangerous in terms of the development of atherosclerosis. The former have an atherogenic effect and their high content is a risk of cardiovascular disease. High density cholesterol ("good") is produced by the body. Moderate physical activity contributes to its production and at the same time reduce the accumulation of harmful, which comes only with products.

To reduce cholesterol, a nutritional diet has been developed. A diet to lower blood cholesterol can be used in the treatment and prevention of diseases - it is suitable for people who monitor their health. Its goal is to improve lipid metabolism and weight loss. The main principle of this diet is to reduce animal fat, which we get from meat, fatty dairy products, and simple carbohydrates. Polyunsaturated fats (their source are vegetable oils and nuts), fiber and complex carbohydrates (we get them from vegetables, grains, bran) should predominate in the diet. It is a large amount of fiber that helps remove excess cholesterol from the digestive tract. The protein content in this therapeutic nutrition is within normal limits, and you can get them through the use of a variety of legumes and lean meats.

The amount of bread is not more than 200 g per day, the use of diet bread with bran is also allowed. Salt is limited and the amount of fluid consumed is up to 1.2 liters. Dishes need to be cooked without salt, but it is allowed to add ready-made food on the table. Vegetables are eaten raw or stewed, and it is better to boil (bake) meat and fish to reduce fat in the diet. It is considered important to eat a large number of vegetables at dinner. Daily calories - 1400-1500 kcal.

The main principles of nutrition with high cholesterol in the blood:

  • Cereals, vegetables and fruits containing complex carbohydrates and large amounts of fiber should make up about 60% of the diet. Vegetables need to be eaten daily 400 g (a third fresh) and 200 g of cereal products.
  • The predominance of vegetable oils in the diet.
  • Moderate consumption of permitted dairy products.
  • Food with high cholesterol in the blood includes the inclusion of fish, chicken and turkey, which are the products of choice, and lean beef in the diet should take second place.
  • The amount of salt is minimal.
  • 2-3 eggs per week (protein is not limited).
  • Avoid hunger (take snacks with fruits in time).

The diet for high cholesterol in women does not differ from that for men and the general principles of nutrition are maintained. The total cholesterol in women and men should be no more than 5.2 mmol / l, the indicator of 6.19 mmol / l is already considered significantly increased. HDL in women should be at least 0.9 mmol / L and up to 1.9 mmol / L, in men this indicator differs from 0.7 to 1.7 mmol / L.

The onset of menopause adversely affects cholesterol metabolism and is due to the fact that with the onset of its synthesis estrogen decreases, and it regulates the production of "good" cholesterol. Increasing the "bad" contribute to a sedentary lifestyle of a woman, overeating and eating fatty and high-calorie foods.

Nutrition with high cholesterol in women should contain maximum plant-rich foods phytosterolsthat control and lower bad cholesterol:

  • wheat germ;
  • sesame seeds;
  • sunflower seeds;
  • flax seed;
  • olive oil;
  • grape seed oil;
  • avocado.

No less useful vegetables and fruits containing pectin: apples, citrus fruits, beets, watermelons and natural vegetable juices. Remember that all fruits and vegetables in purple and red contain polyphenols, which stimulate the production of good cholesterol: blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, cranberries, cranberry juice, aronia, lingonberries, pomegranates, purple and red grapes, plums, and eggplant. Green leafy salads and vegetables are also useful: cabbage, lettuce, spinach, sorrel, artichoke and parsley, dill and green onions available to everyone.

Beans must be included in the diet, which due to the high fiber content will remove harmful cholesterol from the intestines. In terms of protein, they can replace meat.

It’s good for women aged to eat soy products containing phytoestrogens. Do not forget about the proper cooking of meat and fish - a minimum of fat during cooking - best baked in the oven, in pots or steamed.

Given the craving of women for sweets, it will be very difficult to refuse sweet cream products, chocolate and sweets, pastries, cookies, waffles and limit yourself to sugar. But this must be done. Fatty meat should also disappear from the diet, you have to abandon processed meat (sausages, boiled pork). Banned pork, lard and bacon. Do not forget about the need for physical activity. All this will bring only benefit - analyzes will normalize, weight will decrease, and you will honor yourself attractive.

Often high cholesterol is noted in diseases of the internal organs and endocrine system: nephritis, hypothyroidism, obesity, diabetes. Such a combined pathology requires a special approach to nutrition and more serious treatment. In each case, the issue is decided individually and clinical nutrition is prescribed for the underlying disease. For example, what kind of diet is indicated for high cholesterol due to kidney disease? In this case, you must comply Table number 7 and its varieties. Diet 7 prescribed for chronic kidney diseases and in addition to limiting salt and the amount of fluid consumed, it provides for the exclusion of foods rich in cholesterol (kidneys, liver, egg yolk, brain).

Indications

Shown if available:

  • high level cholesterol;
  • overweight;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • diseases myocardial infarction and cerebral stroke.

Allowed Products

Proper nutrition with high cholesterol should become the norm. What should it be? First of all, you need to exclude meat broths - prepare vegetarian soups, if it is difficult and unusual for you, then you can use a weak secondary broth for the first dishes and carefully remove fat. Use potatoes in a minimal amount and it is better to cook prefabricated vegetable soups, cabbage soup and borsch.

Meat and poultry need to be taken in non-greasy species, the skin of the bird is unacceptable, and the fat from meat should be cut further. Since the diet provides for the restriction of fats, the meat needs to be boiled or baked without the addition of sour cream, mayonnaise and any fat. Garnish with vegetables, not cereals. They are better prepared for breakfast (oat, buckwheat and brown rice).

Cabbage (all types), carrots, squash, pumpkin, eggplant, or salads of fresh vegetables and green peas will help lower cholesterol. The total amount of vegetables eaten per day is at least 400g.

Use first-pressed vegetable oils for dressing ready meals. Useful in this regard is linseed oil, a leader in the content of fatty acids omega 3that regulate the production of beneficial lipids.

Lowering cholesterol can be achieved by introducing into the diet dishes from marine low-fat fish, and the use of meat (chicken) should still be limited to 1 time per week. From fish it is worth choosing diet varieties: hake, haddock, blue whiting, saffron cod, pollack, pollock.

Bread is allowed rye, made from grain flour and bran. Can be used for snacks and first courses without yeast bread (with bran, with flax seeds). Milk and fermented milk products are allowed only in reduced fat content and in limited quantities. Allowed green tea and weak coffee with milk and without sugar, vegetable juices and fruit without sugar.

Approved Product Table

Proteins, gFats, gCarbohydrates, gCalories, kcal

Vegetables and greens

eggplant1,20,14,524
beans6,00,18,557
zucchini0,60,34,624
cabbage1,80,14,727
broccoli3,00,45,228
Brussels sprouts4,80,08,043
cauliflower2,50,35,430
green onion1,30,04,619
onion1,40,010,441
carrot1,30,16,932
cucumbers0,80,12,815
squash0,60,14,319
salad pepper1,30,05,327
parsley3,70,47,647
salad1,20,31,312
beet1,50,18,840
celery0,90,12,112
soybeans34,917,317,3381
asparagus1,90,13,120
tomatoes0,60,24,220
Jerusalem artichoke2,10,112,861
pumpkin1,30,37,728
dill2,50,56,338
beans7,80,521,5123
garlic6,50,529,9143
lentils24,01,542,7284

Fruits

avocado2,020,07,4208
oranges0,90,28,136
Garnet0,90,013,952
grapefruit0,70,26,529
pears0,40,310,942
lemons0,90,13,016
mango0,50,311,567
tangerines0,80,27,533
nectarine0,90,211,848
peaches0,90,111,346
apples0,40,49,847

Berries

gooseberry0,70,212,043
Red currants0,60,27,743
black currant1,00,47,344

Nuts and dried fruits

nuts15,040,020,0500
almond18,657,716,2645
flax seeds18,342,228,9534
fenugreek seeds23,06,458,3323
sunflower seeds20,752,93,4578

Cereals and cereals

buckwheat groats (kernel)12,63,362,1313
oat groats12,36,159,5342
cereals11,97,269,3366
wheat bran15,13,853,6296

Raw materials and seasonings

basil2,50,64,327
honey0,80,081,5329

Milk products

kefir 0%3,00,13,830
kefir 1%2,81,04,040

Cheeses and cottage cheese

cottage cheese 0.6% (low fat)18,00,61,888
tofu curd8,14,20,673

Meat products

beef18,919,40,0187

Bird

chicken fillet23,11,20,0110
turkey19,20,70,084

Eggs

eggs12,710,90,7157

Fish and seafood

fish18,54,90,0136
sea ​​kale0,85,10,049

Oils and Fats

grape seed oil0,099,90,0899
linseed oil0,099,80,0898
olive oil0,099,80,0898
sunflower oil0,099,90,0899

Soft Drinks

mineral water0,00,00,0-
instant chicory0,10,02,811
green tea0,00,00,0-
* data are per 100 g of product

Fully or partially restricted products

Excludes: pork, cooking oils, refined vegetable oil, margarine, butter, duck and goose meat, offal (kidneys, brains, liver), sausages and smoked meats. Under the ban fatty fish varieties, fish roe (contains a large amount of cholesterol) crayfish, shrimp, crabs and any canned fish, including cod liver.

You can not use products from puff and butter and dough, highly extractive meat, fish, and also mushroom broths. Cream, fatty cottage cheese and sour cream are not allowed in the diet. The ban on the use of chocolate, ice cream, cream products and products with palm and coconut oil. Of the sauces you can not eat mayonnaise and ketchup.

Limit:

  • beef (1-2 times a week);
  • red fish;
  • egg yolks;
  • potatoes;
  • fatty cheeses;
  • nuts
  • buckwheat;
  • honey.

Prohibited Products Table

Proteins, gFats, gCarbohydrates, gCalories, kcal

Fruits

bananas1,50,221,895

Nuts and dried fruits

raisins2,90,666,0264

Cereals and cereals

semolina10,31,073,3328
white rice6,70,778,9344

Flour and Pasta

pasta10,41,169,7337

Bakery products

bagels16,01,070,0336
bagels16,01,070,0336
crackers11,21,472,2331

Confectionery

jam0,30,263,0263
jam0,30,156,0238
candies4,319,867,5453
pastry cream0,226,016,5300

Ice cream

ice cream3,76,922,1189

Cakes

cake4,423,445,2407

Chocolate

chocolate5,435,356,5544

Raw materials and seasonings

ketchup1,81,022,293
mayonnaise2,467,03,9627

Milk products

cream2,820,03,7205
sour cream 30%2,430,03,1294
sour cream 40% (fat)2,440,02,6381

Cheeses and cottage cheese

cheese24,129,50,3363
cottage cheese 18% (fat)14,018,02,8232

Meat products

pork16,021,60,0259
pork liver18,83,60,0108
pork kidney13,03,10,080
pork fat1,492,80,0841
fat2,489,00,0797
beef liver17,43,10,098
beef kidneys12,51,80,066
beef brains9,59,50,0124
mutton15,616,30,0209

Sausages

smoked sausage16,244,60,0466
smoked sausage9,963,20,3608
sausages10,131,61,9332
sausages12,325,30,0277

Bird

smoked chicken27,58,20,0184
duck16,561,20,0346
smoked duck19,028,40,0337
goose16,133,30,0364

Fish and seafood

smoked fish26,89,90,0196
salted fish19,22,00,0190
Red caviar32,015,00,0263
black caviar28,09,70,0203
squid21,22,82,0122
shrimp22,01,00,097
salmon19,86,30,0142
sturgeon16,410,90,0163
canned fish17,52,00,088
semi-finished fish12,56,714,7209
sardine20,69,6-169
mackerel18,013,20,0191
cod (liver in oil)4,265,71,2613
boiled oysters14,03,0-95
fresh oysters14,06,00,395

Oils and Fats

butter0,582,50,8748
cream margarine0,582,00,0745
coconut oil0,099,90,0899
palm oil0,099,90,0899
melted beef fat0,099,70,0897
cooking fat0,099,70,0897
melted pork fat0,099,60,0896

Soft Drinks

cola0,00,010,442
lemonade0,00,06,426
pepsi0,00,08,738
sprite0,10,07,029
* data are per 100 g of product

Menu (Power Mode)

The cholesterol diet menu is designed for 5 meals a day. Since you can’t allow feelings of hunger during the day or in the evening, you are allowed to eat an apple, grapefruit, carrots or drink a fermented milk product. A sample menu for several days might look like this:

First option

Breakfast
  • granola with bran without sugar with yogurt;
  • grapefruit juice
Lunch
  • vegetable salad;
  • natural apple juice
Dinner
  • borsch on vegetable broth;
  • boiled beef;
  • mix of vegetables with olive oil
High tea
  • 2 bran breads;
  • an Apple
Dinner
  • boiled asparagus beans with corn oil;
  • cheese;
  • bread rolls;
  • green tea

Second option

Breakfast
  • omelet from 1 egg and 1 protein with zucchini and sweet pepper;
  • rye bread toast;
  • coffee with milk
Lunch
  • fruit salad;
  • bran bread
Dinner
  • vegetable soup;
  • baked zander;
  • vegetable salad with the addition of linseed oil;
  • compote
High tea
  • low-fat bran yogurt
Dinner
  • salad with unsalted cheese "Grace";
  • diet bread
  • tomato juice

Third option

Breakfast
  • cereal porridge on the water;
  • plum juice;
  • green tea
Lunch
  • tangerines or orange
Dinner
  • boiled chicken breast;
  • rice
  • cabbage and carrot salad;
  • rosehip broth
High tea
  • vegetable salad with bran and olive oil;
  • yogurt
Dinner
  • fish baked in foil;
  • vegetable salad with corn oil;
  • juice

Below is a table of low-content foods cholesterolfrom which you can make a diet.

Product nameFeaturedForbidden
FishLow-fat marine (hake, blue whiting, pollock, saffron cod, pollack, haddock) and pike three times a week.Salmon, mackerel, sardine, eel, mackerel, herring, oysters, caviar, shrimp, semi-finished fish products, limited number of river fish.
EggsUp to 3 pieces per week.Egg yolk.
FatsSunflower, corn, olive or soybean oils, up to 2 tablespoons per day.Lard, margarine, palm and coconut oil, butter, animal fat.
MeatVeal, rabbit, turkey, chicken, lean beef once or twice a week. Bird allowed without skin.Pork, fat beef, fat mutton, duck and goose meat, sausages, liver, kidneys, brains, pastes, sausages, sausages.
Milk productsSkim milk, low-fat kefir, yogurt, cheeses up to 20%, low-fat cottage cheese.Fat cottage cheese, sour cream, cream, ice cream, curd mass, condensed milk, processed cheese.
VegetablesFresh and frozen, corn and legumes.Potato and potato snacks.
FruitsEverything except banana and grapes, as well as dried fruits.Fruits in sugar, pistachios and peanuts, hazelnuts.
CerealsWhole grain flour bread, brown rice, oatmeal, whole grain pasta.White rice, semolina, limit buckwheat.
Bakery productsOatmeal cookies, bread rolls, dry cookies, Fitness cookies.Biscuits, pastries, buns, cakes, puff pastry.
SweetsLow-fat puddings, sugar-free jelly, popsicles.Chocolate, pastry cream, iris, marmalade, candy, sugar, syrups.
BeveragesJuices without sugar, green tea, weak coffee, mineral water without gas.Cocoa in milk, coffee with cream, alcoholic and sweet carbonated drinks.

Recipes

Baked fish with vegetables

0.5 kg perch fillet, 2-3 tomatoes, zucchini, eggplant, salad pepper, onion, 2 cloves of garlic, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of vegetable oil.

Arbitrarily chop onion, garlic, zucchini and eggplant. Stir vegetables, season with pepper, vegetable oil, Provencal herbs and marinate for 30 minutes. Grease the fish fillet with oil and season with herbs. Put prepared vegetables on foil, lay fish fillet on top and cover with small tomatoes. Bake for 15-20 minutes.

Baked fish with vegetables and cheese

Hake fillet 500 g, carrots, onions, tomatoes, low-fat cheese 50 g, vegetable oil.

Cut the fillet portionwise, marinate in spices, allspice.Stew finely chopped onions and grated carrots in a pan, adding a little vegetable oil. Put the hake fillet in a small form, cover with a layer of stewed vegetables and slices of chopped tomato. Bake for 20 minutes, sprinkle with grated cheese at the end and send to the oven for 3 minutes.

Baked Chicken Breast

Chicken fillet 300 g, fresh vegetables and herbs to taste, olive oil 1 tbsp, milk 0.25 cups, garlic.

Lightly beat the chicken fillet and marinate in olive oil with garlic, rosemary and milk for half an hour. Put in a form and bake. Salt the finished dish and serve with any fresh vegetables.

Chicken fillet with green beans

One chicken, 300 g of beans, peppers, spices, olive oil, salt.

Cut the chicken fillet into a cube and simmer until half cooked in a saucepan with a small amount of water. To this also add frozen green beans, spices to taste and simmer under the lid until the chicken is ready. Before serving, add greens, olive oil and a little salt. Serve warm.

Contraindications

Pregnant and lactating womenteenagers sick diabetes (insulin-dependent) this food is not recommended.

Advantages and disadvantages

prosMinuses
  • Not expensive and affordable.
  • Includes a variety of products.
  • Normalizes lipid metabolism.
  • Relieves excess weight.
  • Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Not balanced.
  • There are no simple carbohydrates, so it is difficult to tolerate by many patients.
  • It is impossible for pregnant, lactating women and children.

Feedback and Results

This diet food is designed for 3 months in some cases and more on the recommendation of a doctor. This diet program allows you to lose weight and generally improve your health. Many note level normalization cholesterol and blood pressuredisappearance constipation and heartburn, which is associated with the exclusion of fatty and fried foods.

  • "... The problem with cholesterol arose recently, and the doctor insisted that with high bad cholesterol I start taking pills, but I decided to try to normalize everything with food, and I have time to pills. While I do without medications, I strictly follow a diet - I think that there will be a result. I did not retake the tests, but the pressure became normal, and I lost weight";
  • "... Everything in the complex - a diet against cholesterol and pills, which I followed for 3 months, gave a result. The doctor said that I should not reassure myself, if there is a violation of lipid metabolism, then you need to constantly eat properly";
  • "... There were changes in the lipid profile, and the doctor said that you can still try to bring everything back to normal with nutrition. I worked on the Internet all the recommendations, compiled a list of products that help with high cholesterol, and set to work. At first it was difficult to limit myself to sweets, cheese and fried foods, especially since I had never eaten so many vegetables. But for three months, shifts were noted - they managed to lower cholesterol, but so far not to the norm. Overall condition improved, even weight decreased".

Diet price

Clinical nutrition is not very expensive. A wide selection of available products allows you to vary and change the diet according to your desire and abilities. The basis of the diet are fruits, vegetables, cereals and fish. Based on the menu, expenses for the week are calculated - 1700-1800 rubles.

Watch the video: Lowering Cholesterol - Mayo Clinic (February 2020).

Popular Posts

Category Diets, Next Article

Dimephosphone
Medication

Dimephosphone

The composition of Dimephosphon includes dimethyloxobutylphosphonyl dimethylate as an active substance. The solution also contains purified water. Release form The medicine is sold in the form of a solution and substance-liquid. Pharmacological action Dimephosphon is an anti-acidic drug that improves the acid-base condition (acid-base state) in acidosis.
Read More
Blemaren
Medication

Blemaren

Composition The preparation contains active ingredients: dehydrated citric acid (39.9 g), potassium hydrogen carbonate (32.25 g), sodium citrate dehydrated (27.85 g) and excipients. Release form This medicine is available in effervescent tablets, packed in 20 pieces in a plastic tube. Indicator paper and a control calendar are also included.
Read More
Serrata
Medication

Serrata

Composition The active substance is serratiopeptidase, 10 mg per tablet. Additional ingredients: sodium glycolate starch, lactose monohydrate, light magnesium carbonate, corn starch, magnesium stearate. Release form Serrat tablets are available in enteric (to / r) shell of 10, 30, 100 pieces in one package.
Read More
Clarithromycin
Medication

Clarithromycin

Composition Clarithromycin tablets contain the active component clarithromycin, as well as additional components: MCC, potato starch, pregelatinized starch, low molecular weight PVP, colloidal silicon dioxide, magnesium stearate, sodium lauryl sulfate. Clarithromycin capsules also contain the active substance clarithromycin, as well as additional components: corn starch, lactose monohydrate, povidone, croscarmellose sodium, calcium stearate, polysorbate 80.
Read More