Even a few glasses of wine a week drunk by a woman during of pregnancy, may have a negative impact on the IQ of the unborn baby, the researchers say.
Special scientific research was carried out by scientists from the universities of Oxford and Bristol: they studied intelligence coefficient 4000 children, initially determining how much of alcohol consumed by their mother during pregnancy. As it turned out, the intelligence of babies was affected by the effects of even moderate use of alcoholic beverages by women, that is, from one to six glasses of wine during the week.
Experts argue that changes in the IQ of children were relatively minor, however, despite this, alcohol should not be consumed during nine months of pregnancy at all. Until now, there have been no clear studies on the marginal dose of alcohol for the expectant mother, since other factors, such as the age of the expectant mother, were always taken into account during the study of this problem. In addition, according to recent studies, changes in genes that are independent of the mother’s lifestyle or social causes also affect the child’s IQ. At the same time, doctors warn women that the use of antidepressant drugs, which significantly increase the risk of miscarriages, premature births, as well as increased blood pressure in the expectant mother and even development, can pose a great threat to the health of the unborn child. autism in a child. Researchers at Harvard report that gynecologists prescribe antidepressant drugswomen, not suspecting how dangerous such medicines can be. In this case, we are talking about drugs - selective reuptake inhibitors serotonin. During treatment depressive states such medications increase the content of serotonin in the woman’s brain - the “hormone of happiness”. However, according to researchers, when serotonin enters the uterus, it can adversely affect the development of the brain and some systems (cardiovascular, respiratory) of the unborn baby's body.