Medical dictionary

Thyroxine

Thyroxine is a thyroid hormonesproduced by thyroid gland. It is inactive from a biological point of view, in peripheral tissues it turns into triiodothyronine. The movement of thyroxine in the body is provided by proteins: globulins, transthyretins, albumin.

The main functions of the hormone thyroxine:

  • Metabolism lipids
  • Lower cholesterol
  • Blood Triglyceride Reduction
  • Maintaining bone metabolism

Excess of this hormone is just as dangerous as its deficiency. Its high level can lead to bone resorption and excretion of calcium in the urine. Thyroxine levels are checked with a blood test. In during pregnancy there may be an increase in hormone levels, this is the norm. At the twentieth week of pregnancy, an increase in thyroxine by several times is possible. For pregnant women, monitoring the level of this hormone is mandatory. Liver pathology, taking various medicinesNephrotic syndrome and renal failure can also lead to elevated levels.

Any diseases that are associated with the thyroid gland are extremely dangerous for the health and even for the life of the patient. Using thyroxine as a medicine, you can get rid of many thyroid diseases. Usually, a synthetic hormone is prescribed for these purposes, which in its structure and functions is similar to natural. As a medicine, this hormone can be used to treat a large number of diseases, but its use has quite a few side effects. Among them, one can distinguish various kinds allergies: pruritus, rash, burning, migraine, tremor, tachycardia, dysmenorrhea, loss of appetite, chest pain, cramps, arrhythmia, sweating etc. In addition to treating thyroid diseases, this hormone is recommended after thyroid surgery. Nevertheless, thyroxine has a considerable number of positive effects in thyroid gland pathologies.

Watch the video: Thyroid Hormone Production (February 2020).

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